Piano styles

The piano is noted as one of the best instruments to begin learning how to play from, mainly due to the ease of locating notes and identifying chords. Most students tend to practice on a keyboard, which sounds and plays vastly different than the piano, due to its size and sound. There are many types and sizes of pianos, however, that also vary in sound, size, and type, and have a different feel while playing.

Here we will evaluate several different kinds of pianos and what they may be utilized for. The following are called vertical pianos because of their height, and the position of their strings:. The upright is the tallest of the vertical pianos, ranging 50 to 60 inches and an approximate width of about 58 inches. It has a very rich tone and stands the test of time as a very durable piano. It keeps a strong sound for many years as long as it is properly maintained.

If one of your grandparents owned or owns a piano, this is probably the one that they have in their home. Spinets are among the smallest of the uprights.

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The height is only a max of about 38 inches and a width of around It is a great choice for those who have more limited space in their home, apartment or condo to fit such an instrument. Be cautious if considering this type of piano, though: spinets are known to lose accuracy and have less power due to their construction, and also can cost more when repairing.

piano styles

Console pianos are slightly bigger than Spinets, ranging more towards 40 to around 43 inches and 58 inches wide. This probably also aids its popularity, as it is the most favorite of all of the uprights.

The sound the console provides is more direct action, the hammers are in an upright position and sitting directly over the keys. When the hammer comes down, a string pulls the hammer back into place to be ready to strike again, producing a more enhanced tone.

The well-known Studio pianos are what you might typically see in a music school, studio or classroom setting. Bigger than consoles their height is around 45 to 48 inches and width of 58 inches. It has a larger soundboard and strings, so it has a richness in the tone quality that is comparable to grand pianos. Many of the studio pianos that you will find today are very similar in sound to the grand pianos. These are also called the grand pianos and are called this because of their length and the placement of the strings.

They produce much finer tones due to their construction. When you press the keys on these pianos, the hammer hits the strings from below and then falls back, but it makes the sound of the notes very crisp and gives the pianist better control over the keys. The smallest of horizontal pianos, the petite grand still produces a very powerful sound that is impressive for musicians. Its size is usually around 4 feet, 5 inches but can go as much as 4 feet, 10 inches in height.

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The next up from the petite, the baby grand measures around 4 feet 11 inches to 5 feet 6 inches in height. The baby grand is a very popular piano for pianists, mainly due to its impressive tonal quality, but it also has an eye-pleasing aesthetic and is also affordable for many.The piano was invented in in Italy by harpsichord maker Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori.

The Godfather in 10 Styles

Source: Yamaha. Upright pianos are among the most common types of pianos on the market. They are commonly seen in churches in the United States.

piano styles

You can fit an upright piano right up next to a wall very conveniently. This allows you to put the piano in the corner of a room and keep it out of the way. These pianos are less desirable for live stage performances, as the pianist will have difficulty seeing the crowd or being seen by the crowd. In this case, the pianist would be staring at a wall or the piano itself.

These pianos are mostly used in homes, in schools, or to provide music for church services. The biggest difference between an upright piano and a grand piano is that the strings and the action are vertical in the upright version of this instrument. As a result, the piano functions completely differently from a grand piano, and it will feel different from a grand piano when you play it.

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If you have grown accustomed to playing on one without experiencing the other, then you might be quite shocked to feel the difference for yourself. You can play both in the same fashion, for the most part, but an upright piano is going to have a unique feeling when you hit the keys.

There are many different styles and sizes of upright pianos on the market. You will find some that are very tiny and others stand pretty tall. Most of the time, people prefer to buy upright pianos that are somewhere in the mid-range of the sizes available. These pianos are a little bit more affordable than grand pianos, but they are still expensive instruments. Source: GistPianoCenter. Owning a genuine grand piano is a special privilege for those who do. Many people save their money for years to purchase this type of piano.

These instruments are finely crafted, and their price tag will match that amazing craftsmanship. This is most certainly a luxury item; however, it is one that a pianist will be able to put to good use. These fine pianos are perfect for live performances and composing, so a serious musician is going to adore owning one of these.

As you might expect, a grand piano is quite large. The price tag on this type of piano can be prohibitively expensive for many people, as well.

If you are a casual piano player, this fancy, a finely crafted piano may not appeal to you at all. A grand piano does have several advantages over an upright model, though. For instance, you can make use of the double escapement mechanism to play keys in rapid succession when you use one of these pianos. This is one of the many reasons that people who love pianos want to own the grand piano above all others. Professional musicians or people who simply have an extreme passion for piano are going to be the likely buyers of this item.

The sound that comes out of a finely crafted grand piano is simply superb. It is capable of creating some of the most emotional tones possible, so, to many, it will be worth the hefty price.

This particular grand piano is hand-crafted and looks absolutely stunning. The beautiful look of a grand piano is part of the appeal as well. It is a sight to behold, and this is one reason that you will see performers using these types of pianos at large concerts.

piano styles

Legendary musicians such as Elton John perform on grand pianos, and the grand piano assists these musicians in creating a spectacle that can be enjoyed by the masses. Source: BestBuy.Privacy policy Return policy Ordering info Shipping info Music links. All rights reserved.

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Buy smart. Of the vertical pianos, there are four basic styles; the Upright, Console, Studio and Spinet. Since piano makers frequently vary the size of their cabinet work in different vertical models it's often difficult to distinguish between a console and a spinet, or a studio and an upright, simply by looking at the case. Technically, the classification of these styles is determined by the placement of the action i.

The Console action is compressed to save room and rides directly ON the keys or a small brass capstan screw on the key end and is called a direct blow action. Spinets actions are called drop actions and are placed BELOW the keyboard, connected to the keys by a wire or wood rod called a lifter. Studio pianos use a direct blow action, like a console, but the case is taller and the action full sized like the upright. The extra height of the studio gives it longer strings and a bigger soundboard than the spinet, though less than a full upright.

In theory, the console action would seem to be superior to the other two due to its simpler construction. In fact, however, there is little difference between the upright and console in terms of keyboard response -- and certainly not enough to make up for the upright's superior tonal qualities, which can be attributed to its longer strings and larger soundboard. The spinet drop action, on the other hand, is just a bad idea all the way around.

It adds a troublesome and noisy "lifter," which makes it difficult to remove the action and hence makes servicing more expensive.

Also, to place the action below the keyboard, the keys have been shortened, seriously compromising key balance and making the spinet action loose and sloppy.

Jazz piano

In addition, the spinet's shorter, heavier wound bass strings and small soundboard make for a less resonant bass tone. The irony of the spinet design is that it was intended to save weight and space, yet in fact, is the same width and depth and nearly the same weight as the console and uses just as much floor space. The only space saved is between the top of the piano and the ceiling. Nonetheless, spinets remain popular and their resale value is high, though at the moment they are no longer being built.

Most are perfectly adequate for amateur players, despite their shortcomings. Perhaps the best spinet was the Acrosonic, produced by the Baldwin Piano Company.There are three primary types of pianos : Grand, Upright, and Electronic.

Grands are the largest piano type, and frequently the most majestic as well as expensive. Grand pianos are characterised by horizontal soundboards, which sometimes stretch up to ftb- front to back. The soundboard is encased in a supportable opening platform that lifts upwards on the right. Dampers lie on top of the strings, adjacent to the hammers also horizontal.

The internal construction is braced with form-holders, usually made of wood, as well as the small equipped metal reinforcements. The casing is essentially "bottomless", allowing one to see the soundboard support base, also of reinforced wood, which technically acts as the base.

Keys consist of wood coated in ivory, or sometimes pure ivory, depending on the piano's manufacturers and classification. The grand piano has the standard 88 keys. Most of these pianos have sheet music stands. A retractable cover slides over, or folds down on the keys. The baby grand piano, as the name implies, is essentially a smaller version of the regular grand piano. It has an key set up, just like the regular grand does, but generally has a smaller soundboard and thus is not as loud as the regular grand.

piano styles

Uprights are the most common type of acoustic piano, and are a popular addition to a living room or parlor. The upright piano has been a favorite because it costs less, is more compact and offers a warm sound. The soundboard is vertical, with strings that stretch downward and horizontal hammers and dampers.

The hammers strike horizontally and are returned to resting position by springs, taking slightly longer than a grand piano's hammers which are vertical and returned by the force of gravity. The support base of the soundboard is visible on the backside, as well as wooden reinforcements. Uprights usually cost less, depending on the model; however some can exceed grands in total value.

Although uprights often get depicted as inferior to the grand pianos, a five-foot upright can rival a typical grand in terms of tone quality and loudness. Like the grand, upright pianos vary in material construction. Suitable for beginners or moving performers, electric pianos are usually the most affordable, and although they do not have the qualities of an acoustic, sound continues to improve for the high-end and mid-range instruments.One of the first things people want to know is "What style of piano will I learn to play?

You can study them all or just the ones that interest you most. Learn the secrets of country piano from an artist who plays at the Grand Ole Opry regularly.

Learn how to take any melody and harmonize it to make the slides and embellishments that make country piano legendary.

Comparing Different Types and Sizes of Pianos

Learn to create the characteristic sounds of the latest contemporary songs you hear on the radio every day. No course on piano would be complete without the rollicking rhythms of Boogie-Woogie. You will learn them well. Learn the bar blues and blues riffs that you can incorporate into your downplaying. You'll cover the full blues landscape from New Orleans to Memphis to St.

Learn how to play a fiery montuno rhythm or a cool bossa groove to give your playing some Latin spice. So what kind of piano do you want to play? Learn and Master Piano is your ticket to a whole world of stylistic piano.

Styles Covered One of the first things people want to know is "What style of piano will I learn to play? You'll learn. Country Piano Learn the secrets of country piano from an artist who plays at the Grand Ole Opry regularly. Modern Pop Piano Learn to create the characteristic sounds of the latest contemporary songs you hear on the radio every day. Boogie-Woogie No course on piano would be complete without the rollicking rhythms of Boogie-Woogie.

Blues Piano Learn the bar blues and blues riffs that you can incorporate into your downplaying. Latin Piano Learn how to play a fiery montuno rhythm or a cool bossa groove to give your playing some Latin spice. First Name: Email: I'd like to be alerted to updates, special offers, and other information from Legacy Learning Systems.

Privacy Policy. Play-Along CD's More Experienced Piano Players Order Now.The piano is a tool that countless musicians have used to compose and perform music with since its invention over three centuries ago, and many groundbreaking and influential styles of playing have developed alongside the instrument.

The piano was invented in the year by an Italian instrument maker named Cristofori. His invention is largely the adaptation of a similar but less well known instrument called the harpsichord. Ferdinando was a lover of music, and he hired Cristofori to take care of his vast collection of instruments. Some historians believe that Ferdinando saw potential in Cristofori and hired him specifically to invent new instruments.

The harpsichord is an instrument that consists of a box that holds suspended strings. When one of the keys on its keyboard is pressed down, a corresponding string is plucked and a sound is generated. The first records of Cristofori adapting harpsichords into piano-like instruments are in By making a few small changes to the harpsichord, Cristofori inadvertently altered the musical landscape forever by creating an instrument that had never been conceived of before.

The brilliant instrument maker created a system of hammers that struck the strings instead of plucking them. His new instrument featured a lighter action which meant it was easier to play because it was more suitable for passages with repetition. Never before or since has there been an instrument that allows players to play with such power and nuance.

The incredible new invention took many years to gain popularity because it was so expensive to make. Aside from being used in a huge swath of musical genres across the world, the piano is also used as a powerful tool to teach music theory with. Inthe piano is an instrument used in most musical genres.

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Instruments like the clarinet or even the guitar require students to master difficult technical skills like pressing down strings hard enough to sustain a pitch or forming the correct embouchure. Children as young as three years old can understand that pressing a piano key down creates a pitch. Playing styles on the piano are a good window into what was happening in a myriad of different cultures and time periods over the past years.

The unique musical choices musicians have included in their music over the years can tell us a lot about the social, political and artistic trends of the time the music was written in.

As the oldest of the piano styles, the classical approach to playing is the model for modern music education. This is because this method of playing effectively displays the rules and concepts found in music theory more than any other style of playing.

Under the umbrella of the classical genre there are different sub-styles of piano playing: baroquemodern and romantic. The baroque piano tradition is one part of a larger cultural movement that happened between A massive social and artistic shift toward secularism occurred during this time period, and it altered the state of music in a huge way.Jazz piano is a collective term for the techniques pianists use when playing jazz.

The piano has been an integral part of the jazz idiom since its inception, in both solo and ensemble settings. Its role is multifaceted due largely to the instrument's combined melodic and harmonic capabilities. For this reason it is an important tool of jazz musicians and composers for teaching and learning jazz theory and set arrangement, regardless of their main instrument. By extension the phrase 'jazz piano' can refer to similar techniques on any keyboard instrument.

Along with the guitarvibraphoneand other keyboard instruments, the piano is one of the instruments in a jazz combo that can play both single notes and chords rather than only single notes as does the saxophone or trumpet. James P. Johnson was a prominent adherent. The left hand was used to establish rhythm while the right hand improvised melodies.

Mastering the various chord voicings—simple to advanced—is the first building block of learning jazz piano. Jazz piano technique uses all the chords found in Western art music, such as major, minor, augmented, diminished, seventh, diminished seventh, sixth, minor seventh, major seventh, suspended fourth, and so on.

A second key skill is learning to play with a swing rhythm and "feel". In jazz, the roots are usually omitted from keyboard voicings, as this task is left to the double bass player. Jazz pianists also make extensive use of chord "extensions", such as adding the ninth, eleventh or thirteenth scale degree to the chord. In some cases, these extensions may be "altered" i. The next step is learning to improvise melodic lines using scales and chord tones. This ability is perfected after long experience, including much practice, which internalizes the physical skills of playing and the technical elements of harmony, and it requires a great natural 'ear' for extemporaneous music-making.

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When jazz pianists improvisethey use the scales, modes, and arpeggios associated with the chords in a tune's chord progression. The approach to improvising has changed since the earliest eras of jazz piano. During the Swing era, many soloists improvised "by ear" by embellishing the melody with ornaments and passing notes. However, during the bebop era, the rapid tempo and complicated chord progressions made it increasingly harder to play "by ear.

Jazz piano the technique and the instrument itself offer soloists an exhaustive number of choices. One may play the bass register in an ostinato pattern, popular in boogie-woogie style, where the left hand repeats a phrase numerous times throughout a song, as performed by Rob Agerbeek in "Boogie Woogie Stomp. In stride pianosimilar to the earlier ragtime the left hand rapidly plays alternate positions between notes in the bass register and chords in the tenor register, while the right hand plays melody and improvises, as performed in George Gershwin's "Liza".

The right hand may play melodic lines, or harmonic content, chordally or in octaves. It may also be played in lockstep with the left hand, using a double melody block chord called "locked-hand" voicingor Shearing voicing —a technique popularized, though not invented, by the pianist and set leader George Shearing.